Die Geschichte von Las Vegas reicht von der Entdeckung als Oase in der Wüste, über die Dominanz der Mafia bis zum Bau gigantischer Themenhotels. In den ersten Jahren seiner Existenz war Las Vegas nur ein Eisenbahnknotenpunkt in der Mitte der Mojave-Wüste in Nevada. Wie daraus die größte. Die Geschichte von Las Vegas reicht von der Entdeckung als Oase in der Wüste, über die Dominanz der Mafia bis zum Bau gigantischer Themenhotels.
Over the next two decades the strip was transformed yet again: Old casinos were dynamited to make room for massive complexes taking their aesthetic cues from ancient Rome and Egypt, Paris, Venice, New York and other glamorous escapes.
In , even as residents faced recession,rising unemployment and a housing price collapse, the city still received nearly 40 million visitors.
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Nevada is the seventh largest of the 50 states, but is one of the most sparsely populated. Carson City, in the western part of the state, is the capital.
One of the original 13 colonies, New Jersey was an important battleground during the American Revolution. Located in the heart of the bustling Atlantic corridor and nestled between New York and Pennsylvania, New Jersey has the highest population density of any U.
Florida, which joined the union as the 27th state in , is nicknamed the Sunshine State and known for its balmy climate and natural beauty.
Originally a Spanish later Mexican mission and pueblo, it was conquered by Puerto Rico is a large Caribbean island of roughly 3, square miles located in the West Indies.
The county issued the first gambling license in to the Northern Club , and soon other casinos were licensed on Fremont Street like the Las Vegas Club and the Apache Hotel.
Fremont Street became the first paved street in Las Vegas  and received the city's first traffic light in In reply, the federal government restricted movement of the dam workers to Las Vegas.
Smuggling and circuitous routes then were developed. In , to curtail these activities and the resulting growth of criminal figures in the gambling industry, the city's leading figures purged gambling dens and started an effort to stem the flow of workers from the dam.
This only emboldened some dam workers who still contrived to visit Las Vegas. A celebration of this era has become known as Helldorado Days.
Although the suppression efforts resulted in declines at gambling venues and resulted in a business downturn, the city was recharged—both literally and figuratively—when the dam was completed in In , Southern Nevada Power became the first utility to supply power from the dam, and Las Vegas was its first customer.
Electricity flowed into Las Vegas and Fremont Street became known as Glitter Gulch due to the many bright lights powered by electricity from Hoover Dam.
Meanwhile, although the dam worker population disappeared, Hoover Dam and its reservoir, Lake Mead , turned into tourist attractions on their own and the need for additional higher class hotels became clear.
Route 95 was finally extended south into Las Vegas, giving the city two major access roads. Also in Las Vegas's first permanent radio station , KENO , began broadcasting replacing the niche occupied earlier by transient broadcasters.
On January 25, the U. Russell signed over land to the U. Army Quartermaster Corps for this development. The gunnery school later would become Nellis Air Force Base.
Army was not pleased with the legal prostitution in Las Vegas and in forced Las Vegas to outlaw the practice, putting Block 16, the local red light district permanently out of business.
It was the first resort on what would become the Las Vegas Strip. The hotel gained much of its fame from the gourmet buffet that it offered.
On October 30, , Texas cinema magnate R. Griffith rebuilt on the site of a nightclub called Pair-O-Dice ,  that first opened in , and renamed it Hotel Last Frontier.
A few more resorts were built on and around Fremont Street, but it was the next hotel on the Strip that publicly demonstrated the influence of organized crime on Las Vegas.
Although ethnic organized crime figures had been involved in some of the operations at the hotels, the Mafia bosses never owned or controlled the hotels and clubs which remained monopolized by hard-bitten local Las Vegas families who were unwilling to cede ground to the crime bosses and proved strong enough to push back.
This changed in post-war Las Vegas when Jewish gangster Bugsy Siegel , with help from friend and fellow mob boss Meyer Lansky , poured money through Mormon-owned banks for cover of legitimacy and built The Flamingo in Siegel modeled his enterprises on the long-running gambling empire in Galveston, Texas , which had pioneered the high-class casino concepts that became mainstays on the Strip.
The Flamingo initially lost money and Siegel died in a hail of gunfire in Beverly Hills, California in the summer of Additionally, local police and Clark County Sheriff deputies were notorious for their heavy-handed tactics toward mobsters who "grew too big for their pants.
Owned and operated by a joint combination of Mormon elders who provided political and business legitimacy and people involved with organized crime who provided unreported income and street muscle, such as Meyer Lansky , these crime hotels became regarded as the epitome of gambling entertainment.
Gambling was no longer the only attraction; the biggest stars of films and music like Frank Sinatra , Dean Martin , Andy Williams , Liberace , Bing Crosby , Carol Channing , and others performed in intimate settings.
After coming to see these stars, the tourists would resume gambling, and then eat at the gourmet buffets that have become a staple of the casino industry.
This led to a proposal by the Senate to institute federal gambling control. Only through the power and influence of Nevada's Senator Pat McCarran did the proposal die in committee.
Along with their connections in Hollywood and New York City, these interests in Las Vegas were able to use publicity provided by these media capitals to steer the rapid growth of tourism into Las Vegas thereby dooming Galveston, Texas ; Hot Springs, Arkansas ; and other illegal gaming centers around the nation.
While the Strip was booming, the U. Atomic Energy Commission on January 27, detonated the first of over a hundred atmospheric explosions at the Nevada Test Site.
These atmospheric tests would continue until enactment of the Partial Test Ban Treaty in when the tests moved underground. The last test explosion was in Despite the dangers and risks, greatly underestimated at the time, of radiation exposure from the fallout, Las Vegas advertised the explosions as another tourist attraction and offered Atomic Cocktails in Sky Rooms that offered a great view of the mushroom clouds.
Parry Thomas during those years funded the growing boom in casinos. But Las Vegas was doing more than growing casinos.
In , McCarran Field was established for commercial air traffic. In the University of Nevada, Las Vegas was first established, initially as a branch of the University of Nevada, Reno and becoming independent in A new utility company, Southwest Gas expanded into Las Vegas in In , Howard Hughes , the eccentric hero of the American aviation industry, and noted American entrepreneurial financier with vast connections to long established networks in the country, moved to Las Vegas.
Initially staying in the Desert Inn , he refused to vacate his room and instead decided to purchase the entire hotel.
He was instrumental in changing the image of Las Vegas from its Wild West roots into a more refined cosmopolitan city. The local newspaper Las Vegas Sun and its editor Hank Greenspun led a crusade in those days to expose all the criminal ties, activities, and government corruption in Las Vegas.
His investigative reporting and editorials led to the exposure of Clark County Sheriff Glen Jones ' ownership of a brothel and the resignation of Lieutenant Governor Clifford A.
Jones as the state's national committeeman for the Democratic Party. Before his death in , Hank Greenspun founded The Greenspun Corporation to manage his family's assets, and it remains a major influence in Las Vegas, with media holdings in print, television and the Internet; substantial real estate holdings; and ownership stakes in a number of casinos.
Because of this, the city lost tax revenue. Under Nevada Law, an incorporated town, Las Vegas, cannot annex an unincorporated township. To this day, virtually all of the Strip remains outside the City of Las Vegas.
Much like in other American settled counties and towns throughout the United States, entertainment venues were segregated between black- and white-owned businesses.
With almost all of the businesses owned and operated by whites, Black Americans were barred from entering the venues which remained focused, regardless of their legitimacy or criminality, on entertaining a white-only clientele.
As a result of property deeds, businesses owned by or mainly serving non-whites were confined to clubs on the "west side" of the tracks. This also was enforced in many of the work positions.
Thus, African Americans except those who provided the labor for low-paying menial positions or entertainment and Hispanics were limited in employment occupations at the white-owned clubs.
However, because of employment deals with black worker groups, many clubs favored black workers, and the Hispanic population actually decreased ninety percent from 2, to just by the mids.
Organized crime-owned businesses saw an opportunity in not dividing their clientele by race and, despite property deeds and city and county codes barring such activities, made several attempts at desegregating their businesses in the hopes of putting out of operation the non-white owned clubs and expanding their own market share.
An attempt was made at forming an all-integrated night-club modeled on the Harlem Clubs of New York City during the s and s, like those owned by German-Jewish gangster Dutch Schultz.
It was a very upscale and racially integrated casino that actually competed against the resorts on the Strip, especially the non-white owned strips on the west side.
By the end of the year, the casino closed as Schwartz and his partners had a falling out, but the seeds for racial integration were sown.
Many sources have credited Frank Sinatra and the Rat Pack as a significant driving force behind desegregation in the casinos.
Die Gegend um Las Vegas wurde von spanischen Eroberern entdeckt. Daher stammt auch die Namensgebung, denn "Las Vegas" bedeutet "grüne Auen".
Die Stadtgründung erfolgte Der erste kommerzielle Flug nach Las Vegas fand statt. Der steile Aufstieg der bedeutungslosen Siedlung hatte drei Ursachen.
Auch die vereinfachten Heirats- und Scheidungsgesetze des Staates Nevada waren und sind für viele attraktiv.
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